Member Spotlight: Lt. Gov. Bethany Hall-Long
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METHOD OF ELECTION DATA FOR THE OFFICE OF LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR
26 states have team elections for governor and lieutenant governor in the general election: Alaska (1), Colorado (2), Connecticut (3), Florida, Hawaii (1), Illinois (4), Indiana (3), Iowa (3), Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts (1), Michigan (3), Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey (5), New Mexico (1), New York (1), North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania (1), South Carolina (6), South Dakota (3), Utah, and Wisconsin (1).
17 states elect the governor and lieutenant governor separately in the general election. Following the 2014 elections, in four of these states the governor and lieutenant governor are of different parties: Missouri (D/R), New Hampshire (D/R) (7), West Virginia (D/R), and Vermont (D/R). In Alaska, the governor and lieutenant governor are of different parties but ran together in the general election on the same ticket (Alaska (I/D)).
In the three states where the Office of Secretary of State is first in line for succession to the governor, there are no team elections, these being Arizona, Oregon, and Wyoming. Oregon’s secretary of state is not elected in the same year as the governor.
Four states have presiding officers of the senate as successor – Maine, New Hampshire, Tennessee, and West Virginia. Two of these states, Tennessee and West Virginia, confer the title “Lieutenant Governor” and the succession responsibility on the senate president in acknowledgement of the president’s responsibility as first successor to governor.
In four territorial jurisdictions, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, there are team elections for governor and lieutenant governor; in Puerto Rico, the secretary of state is next in line for succession to governor and is appointed. (Click Here for Printable Version).
(1) Lt Governor candidates are selected at the primary election independent of the gubernatorial candidates. Team in the general.
(2) Beginning with the 2002 election, Lt Governor candidates for the major political parties are nominated by the gubernatorial candidates not later than 7 days after the election.
(3) Lt Governor candidates are selected by party convention following the gubernatorial primary and become part of the team in the general.
(4) As of 2014, Lt Governor candidate must be on petition that a gubernatorial candidate circulates to qualify for the March primary.
(5) The state created the Office of Lt Governor in 2006, electing its first in 2009. Lt Governor candidates for the major political parties are nominated by the gubernatorial candidates within 30 days of nomination.
(6) Beginning in 2018, the next statewide gubernatorial election, the governor will select the Lt Governor running mate. This is the result of a ballot measure passed in 2012.
(7) It is noted that the official first in line of gubernatorial succession in New Hampshire is the Senate President (not a statewide elected official).
The staff of the National Lieutenant Governors Association may be able to direct you to other research by contacting Director Julia Hurst at firstname.lastname@example.org.